The most monumental sacral building in Croatia and the mother of all churches in the Archdiocese of Zagreb.
At the site of a smaller church, in the 12th century the great Romanesque cathedral was build but it was destroyed by Tatari in 13th century. From the second half of the 15th century to the first quarter of the 16th century the walls and towers were built around the cathedral as defense against the Turks. In the 19th century at the time of Bishop George Haulik the shrine and a new neo-Gothic wooden altar were ordered. Walcker, an organ builder, created a new organ which is still located in the cathedral choir and is among ten most important in the world. In 1880 Zagreb has suffered from earthquakes which damaged the cathedral. The restoration plans were drafted by the Viennese architect Friedrich Schmidt, and the restoration was conducted by the architect Hermann Bolle. In the cathedral are buried remains of the Croatian Zrinskoga Peter and Fran Krsto Frankopan.
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